Pakistan is predominantly an agricultural country. However, Since its independence in 1947, emphasis has been on irrigated agriculture, while the dryland / arid aquiculture remained neglected. With rapid increase in population the irrigated areas failed to provide food requirements and it became imperative to find out ways to make use of the huge part of cultivable land in the rainfed region.
In the 1970s, the Government of Pakistan constituted a Barani Commission to review and recommend measures for the development of rainfed agriculture and uplift of the poor masses through education, research. and development of and manpower. Pursuant to the recommendations of the Barani Commission, the Government of Punjab established Barani Agricultural College, Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in l994. The mandate of the University is to produce high-quality agricultural scientists and to form an organized scientific infrastructure for minimizing the Income gap between the rich and poor and irrigated & arid areas.
The University includes a Faculty 01 Crop and Food Sciences. Faculty Of Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary' and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Forestry. Range Management and Wildlife, Directorate of Advance Studies, Directorate of Research, Innovation & Commercialization, University Institute of Management Sciences (UIMS), University Institute of Information Technology (UIIT) and Division of Continuing Education, Home Economics and Women Development. University Institute of Biochemistry & Biotechnology (CJIBB), Research Farm, Sub-campus Khushab, The University offers a number of degree programs leading to Bachelor, Master and Ph.D in various disciplines of Agriculture, Bachelor. Master and Ph.D in Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Master and Ph.D in Forestry & Range Management, Wildlife Management and Environmental Sciences, Bachelor and Master in Business Administration, Bachelor and Master in Computer Sciences and Information Technology, Master and PhD in Biological Sciences, and Master in Social Sciences, Bachelor and Master in Education.